Surrogacy in Russia - What you need to know?

Couples who are not able to conceive opt for surrogacy to expand their family. Assisted reproductive technologies and improved fertility have made it possible for intended parents to conceive through surrogacy. Surrogacy in Russia represents a complex yet legal avenue for individuals or couples seeking to build a family through assisted reproductive technologies and is governed by regulations outlined in the family code. For Eastern European single parents seeking a surrogate, Russia offers a less-traveled, reasonably priced, and legally secure option. The nation’s surrogacy laws establish parental rights, cover legal procedures, and specify eligibility requirements. The procedure is intricate and multidimensional, encompassing emotional, legal, and medical factors. Keep reading to learn more about Surrogacy in Russia.
Surrogacy in Russia
Benefits of Surrogacy in Russia
Process of Surrogacy in Russia
What are the requirements for surrogate mothers in Russia?
Cost of Surrogacy in Russia
FAQs about surrogacy in Russia

Surrogacy in Russia

Surrogacy is legal in only a few countries, including Russia. The Federal Law On Basics of Health Protection of Citizens of the Russian Federation, published in January 2012, permits surrogacy in Russia. The legislation gives foreign nationals as well as married heterosexual couples and single parents the ability to take part in gestational surrogacy arrangements within the nation.

In Russia, surrogacy is governed by the Family Code, which serves as a general framework for individuals or couples who wish to pursue assisted reproduction; gestational surrogacy arrangements are permitted in the nation. The surrogate mother bears a child through this process to whom she is not genetically related, a distinction that is important in court. Intended parents usually sign a legally binding contract with the surrogate to begin a surrogacy arrangement. This agreement describes each party’s rights and obligations and frequently includes remuneration and health care clauses. A family court must then approve the surrogacy agreement after assessing its legality and ensuring that all legal requirements are met.

The intended parents are acknowledged as the child’s legal parents at birth, and the surrogate relinquishes any parental rights. Establishing the intended parents’ legal status and defending the rights of all parties concerned depend on this legal procedure. Although surrogacy is legal in Russia, the procedure may differ depending on the region and future changes to the country’s laws. Therefore, in order to navigate the complexities of the legal landscape and ensure a smooth and legally sound journey toward parenthood, individuals or couples considering surrogacy in Russia should seek legal counsel from a reproductive law specialist.
Read More : What is Surrogacy?

Benefits of Surrogacy in Russia

Surrogacy in Russia has attained widespread recognition for its numerous benefits, making it an attractive and relevant option for intended parents around the world. Let’s delve into the key advantages supported by facts and statistical data for surrogacy in Russia.

Legal framework and Regulation:
Russia has a strong legal structure operating for surrogacy, which offers intended parents and surrogates a safe and transparent atmosphere. The nation’s laws prioritize the rights and obligations of all parties, guaranteeing a seamless and legally secure surrogacy process.
Fact: The Russian legal system provides a solid basis for surrogacy agreements by outlining the rights and responsibilities of the intended parents, surrogate, and child.

Cost-Effective Option:
Surrogacy in Russia is frequently less expensive than in many Western nations, giving intended parents a financially feasible option. The standard of medical care and support offered during the surrogacy process is not compromised by the cost factor.
Statistics: Compared to certain Western European countries, surrogacy in Russia can cost as much as 50% less on average, which makes it a desirable option for those looking for a more affordable option.

High-Quality Medical Facilities: Russia offers state-of-the-art assisted reproductive technology and well-equipped medical facilities.
Fact: Modern clinics in Russia provide a variety of assisted reproductive technologies to increase the likelihood of successful surrogacy while adhering to international standards.

Wide Range of Potential Surrogates:
Russia has a wide range of potential surrogates, giving intended parents more choices when it comes to selecting a good fit. The procedures of screening guarantee that surrogates are in good health, possess emotional stability, and are dedicated to providing a positive surrogacy experience.
Statistics: A higher success rate in matching intended parents with surrogates who have similar values and preferences can be attributed to Russia’s diverse surrogate population.

Cultural and Linguistic Compatibility:
Russia’s embrace of multiculturalism guarantees a welcoming environment for people from diverse cultural backgrounds, which is why an increasing number of foreign intended parents are choosing the nation for surrogacy. Language compatibility improves communication even more between the parties.
Fact: Russian surrogacy organizations frequently offer multilingual assistance to fill in any language gaps and promote a more comfortable and transparent communication process.

Process of Surrogacy in Russia

The surrogacy process in Russia involves several steps. However, it’s crucial to note that laws and regulations may change over time, so it’s advisable to consult with a legal expert from Global star surrogacy agency for the most current information. Here’s a general overview of the surrogacy process in Russia:

Evaluation of Eligibility: In order to be eligible, prospective parents must fulfill a number of requirements, some of which include fulfilling age limits and undergoing extensive health assessments.

Legal Advice: To fully comprehend the legal nuances and requirements related to surrogacy in Russia, it is advised to consult with legal counsel. The process might involve drafting a surrogacy agreement that specifies each party’s obligations and rights.

Choosing a Surrogate: With assistance from a clinic or surrogacy agency, intended parents select a surrogate mother. In order to make sure the surrogate is both emotionally and physically fit for the journey, extensive medical and psychological testing is frequently a part of this selection process.

Medical Procedures: A medical evaluation is performed on the intended mother (if applicable) and the surrogate. The process of creating an embryo through in vitro fertilization (IVF) usually involves using the eggs and sperm of donors or intended parents.

Embryo Transfer: After the embryos are created, they are carefully placed into the surrogate’s uterus through a carefully planned medical procedure.

Pregnancy and Medical Monitoring: To closely track the development of the pregnancy, the surrogate has routine check-ups with the doctor. These medical appointments may also involve the active participation of intended parents.

Legal Establishment of Parental Rights: After the baby is born, legal processes are put in place to determine the intended parents’ parental rights and to end the surrogate’s parental rights.

Legal Documentation: Obtaining the required paperwork, such as a birth certificate bearing the intended parents’ names, is one of the legal requirements of surrogacy in Russia.

Exit Procedure (for International Parents): In order to obtain the necessary travel documents for the infant, there might be a formal exit procedure for intended parents who are from abroad. Both Russia’s and the parent country’s regulations are followed during this process.

What are the requirements for surrogate mothers in Russia?

Age and Health: Surrogates have to be in good physical and mental health and fall into a specific age range.

Prior Successful Pregnancies: It is preferable to have prior successful pregnancies and deliveries.

No Complications in the Past: Pregnancies and deliveries are necessary.

Psychological Evaluation: Prior to the surrogacy procedure, psychological evaluations might be carried out.

No Risky Behaviors: During pregnancy, some behaviors may be restricted.

No Prior Reproductive Issues: It might be necessary to have a history of fertility and reproductive health free from serious problems.

Consent and Agreement: In order to carry and deliver the child on behalf of the intended parents, surrogates must consent.

No Genetic Connection to the Child: To avoid legal complications pertaining to parental rights, surrogates may be required to have no genetic connection to the child in certain circumstances.

Legal Capacity: Surrogates must be legally competent to enter into a surrogacy arrangement.

Willingness to Cooperate with Intended Parents: To fulfill their obligations under the surrogacy agreement, surrogates must be willing to work together with the intended parents.

Medical Screening: Surrogates typically undergo a comprehensive medical screening procedure to ensure that they can carry a pregnancy to term without severely affecting their own health or the health of the unborn child.

Cost of Surrogacy in Russia

Many couples who were unable to conceive naturally and who had exhausted all other options for fertility treatment find that surrogacy is their only viable option because surrogacy costs are very reasonable and affordable in Russia. They lower their fees without sacrificing the standard of treatment. The cost of Surrogacy varies from person to person and therefore there cannot be an accurate estimation of the total cost of surrogacy.

The cost of surrogacy can be divided into the following categories.

Surrogacy Costs Overview

Medical Expenses: Involves in vitro fertilization, fertility treatments, embryo transfer, and prenatal care.

Surrogate Compensation: Compensation for the surrogate’s time, effort, and risks associated with pregnancy risks.

Legal Fees: Drafting and reviewing contracts, ensuring local laws, and obtaining legal documents.

Agency Fees: Finding and screening surrogates, coordinating medical procedures, and providing support.

Medical Insurance: Covers potential medical expenses during pregnancy and delivery.

Screening and Testing: Both parents and surrogates may undergo medical and psychological tests.

Travel and Accommodation: Additional expenses for parents traveling to Russia for medical procedures or legal requirements.

Egg or Sperm Donor Costs: Additional costs for recruitment, screening, and compensation of donors.

And any hidden costs.
It’s crucial to remember that these expenses might differ greatly. Furthermore, the total cost for international intended parents may be affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

It is strongly advised to speak with surrogacy agencies, attorneys, and medical specialists prior to beginning a surrogacy journey in Russia in order to obtain a thorough explanation of the expenses involved and to guarantee compliance with the existing legal and regulatory framework.

FAQs about surrogacy in Russia

What are the Russian legal prerequisites for intended parents?
Certain requirements may apply to intended parents, such as being legally married and proving they are incapable of becoming pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term. Legal processes might be necessary, such as obtaining court approval.

How is compensation for surrogacy managed in Russia?
Living expenses, medical expenses, and additional compensation for the surrogate’s commitment may all be covered by surrogate compensation. Generally, the precise terms of compensation are specified in a formal contract.

What function does a surrogacy agency serve in Russia? Finding and screening surrogates, arranging for medical care, offering legal support, and providing general direction are all tasks that surrogacy agencies in Russia may help with.

What steps are involved in the Russian surrogacy process? Typically, the procedure entails selecting a qualified surrogate, going through medical and psychological testing, using IVF to create embryos, transferring the embryos to the surrogate, prenatal care and birth, and obtaining legal parental rights.

Does Russia require a court order in order to grant parental rights? Yes, in order to establish the intended parents’ parental rights and to end the surrogate’s rights, a court order might be necessary.

What are the requirements for surrogate mothers in Russia? Surrogates must meet certain criteria for surrogacy, including good physical and mental health, prior successful pregnancies, and no prior reproductive issues, undergo psychological evaluations, and be willing to carry a pregnancy for intended parents.


In conclusion, surrogacy in Russia involves a complex interplay of legal, medical, and administrative processes. It is legal to do so, but intended parents and surrogate mothers need to understand the complex legal landscape. The requirement of a court order to establish parental rights underscores the meticulous nature of the legal procedures. Russia’s surrogacy regulations aim to balance the rights and responsibilities of all parties involved, emphasizing the importance of compliance with ethical and legal standards. Seeking guidance from reputable agencies and medical professionals such as Global Star Surrogacy is essential for a successful and fulfilling surrogacy experience in Russia.
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