Surrogacy is a process wherein a woman also known as a gestational carrier or surrogate is implanted with the embryos of a person or couple and will carry and deliver the pregnancy on their behalf. In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate is genetically unrelated to the child. She agrees to waive off all her parental rights and hands over the baby to the Intended Parents upon delivery which is a major part of the surrogacy agreement.
Since there is a lot of bureaucracy involved with adoption and a long drawn process, it has made way for surrogacy and become very popular all over the world. The entire process of surrogacy takes 12 to 14 months to complete, adoption can take years. The biggest benefit of surrogacy is the children born are the genetic offspring of the parents.
Surrogacy is an answer to many of the medical problems that women or couples go through. The problems could be with the uterus, hysterectomy, several miscarriages, and multiple failed in-vitro fertilization attempts, medical reasons for the inability of the intended mother to carry the pregnancy to term, or any health condition that does not favor pregnancy.
Gestational surrogacy is when the surrogate carries the pregnancy and delivers the child for the Intended parents. She is just a gestational carrier and does not have any genetic link to the child. The embryos are created through in-vitro fertilization using the eggs of the intended mother or Egg Donor, the sperm of the intended father, in the rare case a sperm donor is used. In all scenarios, the surrogate does not have any genetic or biological relationship with the child she delivers. The gestational carrier does receive compensation for her service.
Altruistic surrogacy is wherein the surrogate does not receive any compensation for her services but only limited to medical costs, maternity clothing, and reasonable pregnancy-related cost.
Why Choose Surrogacy?
For couples who want a child but are unable to give birth, surrogacy is a very viable alternative. Rather than adopt a child who has no blood relation to you and your partner, with gestational surrogacy your sperm is commingled, through in- vitro fertilization, creating an embryo which will become a child that is genetically yours. Another woman carries and gives birth to the child for you. Same sex couples also choose surrogacy to fulfill their dreams of becoming parents. They use Egg Donor and surrogate to complete their desire to parenthood.
How much will Surrogacy cost?
Surrogacy costs vary from country to country, as do success rates and legal requirements. Often non-standard expenses also can add thousands to your final price. Sometimes these costs are obvious. Other times the costs are more subtle. The Surrogacy cost is dependent on several factors depending upon the place and type of surrogacy wishful parents’ needs. Surrogacy costs range from $95,000 for an agency program in the United States. Surrogacy programs range from $50,000 in Eastern Europe or South America to $80,000 in Western countries like the UK, Greece or Canada.
A contract needs to be made between the Intended parents, the surrogate and her husband and signed by all. The contract makes clear that the baby born through surrogacy will be the legitimate child of the Intended Parents. Even in places where surrogacy is legal, there is a great variation in the legal panorama and hence the need for the contract to safeguard interest of all parties involved. Countries that are surrogacy friendly and have legal laws are the United States, Ukraine, Georgia, and India (for Indians only). The United States does permit surrogacy for same-sex couples and singles as well. Ukraine, Georgia, and India are strictly only for married heterosexual couples.