Everything you need to know about surrogacy contracts

Surrogacy is a process that involves a woman (surrogate mother) giving birth to a child on behalf of the intended parent or couple. People choose surrogacy when they cannot conceive naturally; it may be due to infertility problems or some condition in which they can’t bring the pregnancy to term. A legal agreement is signed between both parties before the surrogacy journey starts. When opting for surrogacy it is important to follow the legal procedures and understand everything about the legal contract. In this blog, we will discuss everything you need to know about surrogacy contracts.
What is a surrogacy contract?
Who needs a surrogacy contract, and why?
Which factors are included in a surrogacy contract?
What are the conditions that need to be covered in the surrogacy contract?
How are surrogacy contracts prepared and agreed upon?
Are there any risks involved with an independent contract?
How can I make a surrogacy contract?
Do surrogacy laws vary by location?
FAQs about surrogacy contract

What is a surrogacy contract?

An official legal agreement between the intended parents and the surrogate mother that lays out roles, responsibilities, and duties for the duration of the surrogacy process is called a surrogacy contract. To guarantee and ensure that there are no conflicts or disagreements before, during, or after the pregnancy period, the contract helps protect the rights of all parties.

The surrogacy agreement outlines every step of the procedure and gives a summary of what each party has done. Before entering into a surrogacy arrangement, it is crucial for all parties to thoroughly read and comprehend the terms of the surrogacy contract.

Important terms connected to the surrogacy contract

Surrogate mother : A woman who bears a child on behalf of intended parents who are unable to have their own is known as a surrogate mother or carrier mother.

Intended parent : An individual or couple who cannot conceive on their own for any reason and choose surrogacy to build their family. Intended mother: A mother who will be the legal parent of the child who is born via surrogacy.

Intended father : A father who will be the legal parent of the child who is born via surrogacy.

Egg donor : A woman who donates her egg to another woman for assisted reproduction through IVF.

Sperm donor : A man who gives his sperm usually to a sperm bank so that it can be used to help women get pregnant.

Who needs a surrogacy contract, and why?

Anyone opting for surrogacy must enter a formal and legal agreement that helps in legally protecting everyone included in the surrogacy.

Surrogacy contracts safeguard your rights and specify the responsibilities of all parties involved in the surrogacy process, allowing you to fully enjoy your surrogacy experience without any problems, throughout your surrogacy journey. The contract outlines clear financial agreements, helps in establishing parental rights, and helps to avoid miscommunications and conflicts by providing a precise structure for the surrogacy agreement, functioning as an informative guide for the upcoming surrogacy journey.

Which factors are included in a surrogacy contract?

Legal agreements that specify the terms and circumstances of the surrogacy arrangement between the intended parents and the surrogate are known as surrogacy contracts. A normal surrogacy contract typically contains the following elements, though the precise details may change depending on the applicable laws and the preferences of the parties:

  • Establishing the legal rights and responsibilities of the intended parents and surrogate through each step of the process.
  • Information about the surrogate’s pay, including base pay, any additional payments, and reimbursement for reasonable surrogacy-related costs like travel, medical, and legal fees.
  • Consent regarding the surrogate’s obligations throughout the pregnancy, including adhering to medical guidance, going to prenatal visits, and leading a healthful lifestyle.
  • An understanding regarding the child’s parentage, which includes the surrogate giving up parental rights and the intended parents gaining those rights.
  • An understanding regarding the payment of medical costs, including any required insurance or plans.
  • Procedures for settling disagreements that might surface throughout the surrogacy journey.

What are the conditions that need to be covered in the surrogacy contract?

Although each person’s surrogacy contract is unique to their circumstances and preferences, let’s go over a typical surrogacy contract checklist so you know what to look for.

  • Governing Law and Dispute Resolution.
  • Names and contact information of the intended parents.
  • Surrogate’s agreement to any requested health examinations.
  • Compensation terms and details.
  • Agreement on Confidentiality.
  • Instantaneous custody transfer following birth to the intended parents.
  • Termination of the pregnancy.
  • Involvement and contact during the pregnancy and after the birth.
  • Responsibilities in Case of a Birth Defect or Disability.
Also learn about the average cost of surrogacy

How are surrogacy contracts prepared and agreed upon?

All parties, including their respective attorneys, must participate in the surrogacy agreement’s drafting process. Both parties’ surrogacy agreement should retain a qualified family law or reproductive lawyer on their own. These lawyers can offer advice on the legal ramifications of the procedure, as they are experts in surrogacy cases.

The surrogacy contract agreement’s terms are discussed and negotiated by the concerned parties and their respective attorneys. This covers things like pay, health care costs, parental rights, and other related topics. The surrogacy contract is drafted by the attorneys after the terms are finalized between both parties. The rights and obligations of the intended parents, the surrogate, and any donors are usually covered by this document, among other things. It might also describe the surrogate’s medical care, compensation, and any other important information. After all parties are satisfied with the terms and conditions of the agreement they sign the surrogacy contract and proceed with medical procedures.

Working with experts in reproductive law and surrogacy is important if you want to make sure that the surrogacy agreement is valid legally and offers sufficient protection for all parties, they should also adhere to any local legal requirements that may be applicable to them.

Are there any risks involved with an independent surrogacy contract?

Some intended parents and surrogates believe that downloading a sample surrogacy contract from the internet would be more practical. It is never advisable to attempt the surrogacy agreement without the appropriate legal representation and counsel, even though many websites offer free downloads of sample surrogacy contracts.

Online surrogacy agreements are frequently general and do not cover everything that they should, and they might not even be enforceable in court without the right legal representation. Without formal, legally binding intended parent and surrogate mother contracts completed by a reputable attorney, surrogates, intended parents, and children are left unprotected and disputes may arise between both parties.

To lessen the risks and have a hassle-free surrogacy journey it is important to follow all the legal procedures and work with a professional fertility clinic and attorneys, as it will assist in overcoming possible obstacles and guarantee a more satisfying experience for all parties.

Also read about the pros and cons of surrogacy.

How can I make a surrogacy contract?

With the assistance of a surrogacy lawyer, you can draft a contract for surrogacy. Ideal commercial surrogacy agency will assist you with finding a surrogate and completing adoption paperwork, among other necessary steps in the surrogacy process. They will also have lawyers on hand to assist you with these tasks.

Do surrogacy laws vary by location?

Indeed, there are regional differences in surrogacy contract law and specifics. Laws related to surrogacy are set at the federal, state, or even local levels and can vary greatly between jurisdictions. While some places may have more lenient regulations, others may have specific laws that either prohibit or regulate surrogacy.

It is essential to fully investigate and comprehend the surrogacy laws in the particular state in which the surrogacy arrangement is to be executed. Especially in states with restrictions, navigating any obstacles can be made easier by working with an experienced surrogacy agency. In order to help intended parents and surrogates navigate the process, agencies knowledgeable about surrogacy laws are available.

FAQs about surrogacy contract

What is a surrogacy contract?
An official legal agreement between the intended parents and the surrogate mother that outlines the expectations, duties, and responsibilities of the respective parties. A surrogacy contract is a legally binding document that outlines the terms and conditions of the surrogacy procedure between the intended parents and the surrogate mother.
In what ways does the surrogacy contract address compensation?
The terms and conditions of the surrogate’s compensation, which typically include base pay, medical costs, maternity clothes, and other associated expenses, are outlined in the contract. It is better to be clear about these issues to avoid misunderstandings.
During the pregnancy, can a surrogate change her mind?
The contract is signed by the surrogate before the surrogacy process starts that addresses, after the delivery of the child the surrogate has no right towards the child, and the custody should be immediately handed over to the intended parent.
Can changes be made to the surrogacy contract after it is signed?
Whether changes can be made to a surrogacy contract after it is signed depends on the terms outlined in the contract itself and the laws of the jurisdiction governing the surrogacy arrangement. In many cases, making changes to a signed surrogacy contract can be a complex process and may require the agreement of all parties involved, including the intended parents and the surrogate.
After the baby is born, what legal actions should be taken?
The procedure for determining parental rights following childbirth should be covered in detail in the surrogacy contract. Depending on the jurisdiction, this could entail obtaining a pre-birth order, post-birth adoption, or other legal procedures.


An essential legal document that helps set forth the terms and conditions for both the intended parents and the surrogate mother prior to childbirth is the surrogacy contract. For the benefit of both parties, it is best to seek legal assistance in drafting this lengthy document. Working with a respectable commercial surrogacy agency such as Global Star Surrogacy is essential as we can help you throughout the process and make sure all the procedures are followed legally and offer sufficient protection for all parties through our surrogacy contract.
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