Different Types of Surrogacy

In surrogacy, a woman (the surrogate) bears and gives birth to a child on behalf of another individual or couple (the intended parents). There are diverse forms of surrogacy, each entails unique legal, ethical, and affective factors. You can choose from a variety of surrogacy arrangements, including traditional or gestational, commercial or altruistic, independent or assisted by an agency, and domestic or international. It’s critical to be well-informed and aware of all of your options because the type of surrogacy you select will have an impact on how the surrogacy process unfolds.

Discover more about each kind of surrogacy in this blog below to help you choose the one that’s best for you.
Gestational Surrogacy
Traditional Surrogacy
Commercial Surrogacy
Altruistic Surrogacy
Agency Assisted Surrogacy
Independent Surrogacy
Domestic Surrogacy
International Surrogacy

Gestational Surrogacy

The practice of carrying a child for a person or couple is known as gestational surrogacy. This is accomplished by IVF (In-vitro Fertilisation), in which the intended parent’s or donor’s egg and sperm of the intended father (or donor) are used to create the embryo. Gestational surrogacy is less complicated and more common than other forms of surrogacy because the surrogate is not biologically related to the child. When compared to other fertility treatments, the success rate of gestational surrogacy pregnancies and births is comparatively high; however, a significant factor influencing this rate is the age of the egg donor.
The following individuals might consider gestational surrogacy:
  • People who have experienced infertility difficulties
  • Hopeful single parents
  • Same-sex couples
  • Individuals who are unwilling to have a genetic connection between their offspring and the surrogate
  • Anybody who cannot safely carry a pregnancy to term
  • People with serious health issues
Also consider How old is too old to have a baby via gestational surrogacy for more information.

Traditional Surrogacy

Using assisted reproductive technology, traditional surrogacy involves a woman who becomes pregnant and bears a child on behalf of another person or couple. This woman is referred to as the gestational carrier or surrogate. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate not only carries the pregnancy but also contributes her own egg, making a biological link between the surrogate and the child. Artificial insemination is used to inseminate the surrogate’s egg with the intended father’s or donor’s sperm. Consequently, there is a genetic bond between the surrogate and the child conceived via traditional surrogacy.

Traditional surrogacy is less common than gestational surrogacy, in which the intended parent’s or donor’s eggs and sperm are used to conceive the child, and the surrogate’s only role is to carry the pregnancy. Because traditional surrogacy involves concerns about the surrogate’s genetic relationship to the child, the legal and ethical aspects of the process can be more complicated.
The following people may consider traditional surrogacy:

Commercial Surrogacy

Commercial Surrogacy is a type of surrogacy arrangement wherein the woman carrying the pregnancy, serving as the surrogate, is paid for her services in addition to the reimbursement of reasonable expenses and medical costs. This payment is meant to make up for the time, energy, and possible mental and physical strain that the surrogate may have to endure throughout the surrogacy procedure. In addition to having her medical costs and other associated costs paid, a surrogate in a commercial surrogacy may also receive a fee or other payment. Depending on several variables, including the surrogate’s location, local laws, and specific agreements with the intended parents, the compensation amount may differ significantly.

Commercial surrogacy is what most professionals advise intended parents and surrogates to complete. The additional money given to a surrogate lessens their sense of debt and protects them from being taken advantage of. Even if a surrogate thinks she doesn’t want more money, she might discover that being a surrogate is harder than she anticipated, in which case the additional base pay can keep her from feeling guilty. Surrogates and their families often use this base pay as a first step towards other financial objectives, such as paying off student loans or saving for a down payment on a home.

The legality of compensated surrogacy varies throughout the world, and some countries or areas may have laws that expressly permit, restrict or outlaw this kind of surrogacy.

Altruistic Surrogacy

A special kind of assisted reproduction known as “altruistic surrogacy” involves a surrogate mother willingly carrying and giving birth to a child on behalf of the intended parents without receiving any financial compensation; the surrogate mother offers to carry and give birth to a child on behalf of the intended parents only out of altruism and without considering the possibility of financial gain. Unlike commercial surrogacy, which is centered around financial transactions, altruistic surrogacy emphasizes the selfless act of supporting an individual or couple in their family planning endeavors. Altruistic Surrogacy is often when a friend or family member of an intended parent volunteers to carry a pregnancy without monetary compensation. Altruistic surrogacy is frequently driven by a desire to support those who, for a variety of reasons, including infertility or medical conditions, are unable to conceive or carry a child on their own.

Agency Assisted Surrogacy

A surrogacy arrangement known as “agency-assisted surrogacy” occurs when an intermediary agency plays a major role in helping to facilitate the surrogacy process. These agencies are experts at handling all facets of the surrogacy process and matching intended parents with suitable surrogates. Facilitating the process, supporting both parties and resolving logistical and legal issues are the main objectives.
Key elements of agency-assisted surrogacy include the following:
  • Matching: The agency is in charge of finding suitable surrogates for intended parents. Evaluation and Screening: Agencies usually carry out extensive evaluations and screenings of surrogates as well as intended parents to ensure that all parties are suitable for the surrogacy process.
  • Emotional Assistance: An essential component of agency-assisted surrogacy is emotional assistance. In order to assist intended parents and surrogates in overcoming the emotional obstacles that may arise throughout the surrogacy process, agencies frequently offer resources and counseling services.
  • Legal Support: The agencies frequently offer legal assistance to intended parents and surrogates, guiding them through the intricate legal ramifications of surrogacy. This entails handling parental rights, drafting and evaluating surrogavy contracts, and making sure all legal requirements are satisfied.
  • Post-Birth Support: Following the baby’s birth, organizations might carry on offering assistance, assisting with paperwork, and making sure the intended parents and surrogates have a smooth transition.
Global star surrogacy is an ideal surrogacy agency in USA

Independent Surrogacy

When intended parents and gestational carriers collaborate directly without the assistance of a surrogacy agency, this type of surrogacy arrangement is known as independent surrogacy. In independent surrogacy, the involved parties usually locate one another, discuss the specifics of the surrogacy contract, and oversee every aspect of the procedure independently. Intended parents and surrogates in independent surrogacy are in charge of arranging their own service coordination with the fertility clinic and legal representatives. Although they avoid paying an agency, they do bear a significant portion of the personal liability for the outcome of their surrogacy journey. Three primary services offered by surrogacy agencies are practically lost by intended parents who choose to grow their families through independent surrogacy: case management, counseling, and matching and screening. Intended parents in an independent surrogacy will either need to manage these services on their own or choose not to use them at all.

The choice between working with an agency or pursuing independent surrogacy must be based on personal comfort levels, preferences, and resources. For those who are knowledgeable about the surrogacy procedure, have the time and energy to devote to coordination, and are capable of handling the legal and medical aspects on their own, independent surrogacy may be an option. Others, though, might prefer the assistance and knowledge that surrogacy agencies offer for a seamless surrogacy journey.

Domestic surrogacy

When intended parents and surrogates live in the same nation, this type of surrogacy arrangement is referred to as domestic surrogacy. Within the cultural and legal parameters of that particular nation, the surrogacy procedure is conducted. The word “domestic” sets this kind of surrogacy apart from international surrogacy, which is done when the intended parents and surrogate live abroad. The rules and legislation of the nation where the surrogacy is performed control the surrogacy procedure. Regarding the legality of surrogacy, the parties’ rights, and the enforceability of surrogacy agreements, each nation may have its own set of regulations. The intended parents and the surrogate can communicate more easily and directly when they are closer. Throughout the surrogacy process, they might go to doctor’s appointments together, meet in person more often, and develop a stronger and more direct bond.

International Surrogacy

In international surrogacy, intended parents look for surrogacy services abroad. This is often the case when surrogacy is illegal or restricted in the intended parents’ home country. Depending on which nation is the intended recipient, international surrogacy can be highly costly. Cultural differences may make it challenging for intended parents to navigate. The legal aspects could be complicated because every nation has its own set of laws. It would be beneficial to use an agency if you are thinking about international surrogacy.

Before starting a surrogacy journey, it is essential that all parties domestic or foreign have a comprehensive legal agreement that outlines rights, responsibilities, and expectations. It can also be very helpful to consult with medical and legal professionals who are knowledgeable about assisted reproduction and reproductive law. Language and cultural barriers between the intended parents and the surrogate may arise in international surrogacy. Understanding one another’s expectations and communicating effectively can be crucial components of the surrogacy process


In conclusion, people or couples who are having trouble getting pregnant have a variety of options thanks to the diverse surrogacy landscape. While gestational surrogacy depends on in vitro fertilization, which enables intended parents to contribute their genetic material, traditional surrogacy uses the surrogate’s own eggs to establish a genetic connection with the child. The payment of compensation to the surrogate in commercial surrogacy brings to light the moral and legal issues related to financial transactions in the reproductive domain. Altruistic surrogacy, on the other hand, is centered on the surrogate’s selfless contribution without receiving payment. The increasing acceptance of surrogacy is a reflection of how society’s views on different family arrangements are changing. As the field continues to advance, ethical guidelines and legal frameworks will play pivotal roles in shaping the future of surrogacy, ensuring a balance between reproductive autonomy and safeguarding the well-being of all parties involved. People who are considering surrogacy should thoroughly research and understand the laws and regulations in both their own jurisdiction and the jurisdiction where the surrogacy arrangement will take place. This is because there are significant differences in the legal status and acceptance of surrogacy around the world. Navigating the process also requires consulting with legal and medical experts such as Global Star Surrogacy who have experience with surrogacy.
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