What is International Surrogacy and what does it mean?

Certain couples might encounter the challenging circumstance of possessing the necessary financial resources and emotional dedication to conceive and raise a child. They might, however, face challenges in their quest for a childbearing and natural conception. Pregnant women should avoid risky situations such as heart conditions, advanced age, sexually transmitted diseases, or other illnesses that could endanger the mother, the child, or both. When these such problems arise people opt for surrogacy.

Finding another woman who is willing to give birth to a child on behalf of the intended parent is a good solution in these cases, and the process is known as surrogacy. Once you have made the decision that you want to opt for surrogacy then you need to decide whether it will be international surrogacy or domestic surrogacy.

An arrangement for surrogacy where a surrogate mother resides overseas is known as international surrogacy. The intended parent and surrogate are not from the same country. Domestic surrogacy is where the surrogate and intended parent reside in the same country. Let us understand international surrogacy in detail.
What is International Surrogacy?
Risks involved in International Surrogacy?
Pros and Cons of International Surrogacy?
Difference between International and Domestic Surrogacy?
Cost of International Surrogacy?
FAQs of International Surrogacy

What Is International Surrogacy?

The term “international surrogacy” describes a situation where intended parents from one nation ask a surrogate mother from another nation to become pregnant and give birth to their child on their behalf. The fact that surrogacy laws and regulations differ globally has led to an increase in the prevalence of this practice in recent years.

Surrogacy arrangements can be altruistic or commercial.

Altruistic surrogacy refers to surrogacy where the surrogate does not receive compensation for her services. But, the intended parents do pay the money spent on her legal and medical bills.

Commercial surrogacy refers to any surrogacy in which the surrogate mother is compensated for her services in addition to being reimbursed for her medical expenses.

It is important to remember that international surrogacy can be a complicated and contentious subject, with discussions centered on topics like child welfare, surrogate mother rights, and exploitation. As a result, there are significant regional differences in surrogacy laws and attitudes. To successfully negotiate the challenges involved in international surrogacy, prospective parents should consult legal and ethical counsel.

Risks involved in International Surrogacy

All parties involved in international surrogacy, including intended parents, surrogate mothers, and the children born through surrogacy, may face a variety of risks and difficulties. It’s crucial to remember that these risks may change based on the rules and legislation of the participating nations. The following are some typical risks connected to international surrogacy.
  • Some countries may not have established rules regarding international surrogacy which may lead to legal complications.
  • There can be concerns about medical practices and medical care given to the surrogate in their country.
  • Misunderstandings and communication difficulties between intended parents and surrogates can result from linguistic and cultural differences.
  • It can be difficult to establish the child’s citizenship and legal parentage, particularly if the intended parents’ and the surrogate’s national laws differ.
  • The intended parents may experience more stress and anxiety as a result of the distance and lack of direct involvement in the pregnancy process.
  • Misunderstandings and communication difficulties between intended parents and surrogates can result from language and cultural differences.
Intended parents should make sure they are fully informed about the legal, moral, and practical ramifications of surrogacy in both their home country and the surrogate destination before proceeding with international surrogacy. Some of these risks can be reduced by consulting with legal experts, medical professionals, and organizations with experience in international surrogacy. Global star surrogacy team is here to help you with international surrogacy.

Pros and Cons of International Surrogacy

Pros of International Surrogacy

  • For people who live in areas where surrogacy is prohibited or unavailable, international surrogacy may be a feasible option due to more benevolent or accessible surrogacy laws in certain nations.
  • International Surrogacy can be more affordable in other countries than the intended parent country.
  • There may be more women willing to serve as surrogates in some nations, which increases the pool of potential parents.
  • When intended parents choose a nation where traditions and background are more similar to their own, communication and understanding between the two groups may be easier.

Cons of International Surrogacy

  • There are significant national differences in the surrogacy legal and ethical environments. If the surrogate and intended parents’ rights are not clearly defined or if the legal framework is unclear, intended parents may encounter difficulties.
  • Physical separation can make it difficult to supervise and communicate. It could be challenging for the intended parents to monitor the surrogate’s medical needs and to be actively involved in the pregnancy.
  • Misunderstandings and challenges during the surrogacy process may arise from variations in language, culture, and medical practices.
  • International surrogacy involves a lot of extra expenses, travel, and accommodation add up a lot to the intended parent, Including fees for medical procedures and everything.

Difference between Domestic and International Surrogacy

Domestic surrogacy

In these, both the surrogate mother and the intended parent reside in the same country. And the entire process of surrogacy takes place in the same country.

Domestic surrogacy can be less expensive than international surrogacy due to lower travel and accommodation expenses.

It is easier as it involves working with a familiar culture and background for both the intended parent and surrogate mother.

You can be with the surrogate, communicate with your baby, and be there for both of them.

The availability of surrogates depends on the demand of the country or the region.

International surrogacy

In these, both the surrogate mother and the intended parent reside in different countries. The intended parents usually travel to the surrogate’s country for various stages of the process.

International Surrogacy is more costlier than domestic surrogacy as they need to travel to the surrogate country during the process of pregnancy.

It can be a little challenging as it involves working with someone from another country due to differences in language, and background.

You will have to travel back and forth and visit the surrogate, you will spend less time with your baby.

Some countries may have a higher number of available surrogates for you to choose from.

Cost of International Surrogacy

The destination nation, agency fees, legal fees, medical costs, and the particular services rendered can all have a substantial impact on the cost of international surrogacy. Some of the primary cost factors are as follows:

Agency Fees: Commercial Surrogacy agency usually charge a fee for their services, which can include locating and selecting potential surrogates, arranging for necessary medical care, and offering assistance with legal matters.

Medical Expenses: These comprise the price of fertility treatments, in vitro fertilization (IVF), prenatal care, and delivery costs. The cost of medical care can differ depending on the nation and the particular treatments needed.

Fees: The cost of drafting and reviewing contracts, acquiring required legal documentation, and making sure the intended parents and the surrogate fulfill all legal obligations are included in the legal fees.

Compensation for Surrogates: In most cases, surrogates receive payment for their time, energy, and the physical strain of bearing a child. The amount of compensation may differ depending on the nation and specific contracts.

Travel and accommodation: Intended parents need to travel to the surrogate country the expense for the travel and accommodation varies from country to country.

Supplementary costs: There may be some additional costs during the process of surrogacy and extra supplementary needs.

FAQs about International Surrogacy

What is International Surrogacy?
International surrogacy is a reproductive process in which intended parents from one country collaborate with a surrogate mother from another country to carry and deliver a child. This process typically involves assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), where embryos are created in a laboratory and implanted into the surrogate’s uterus.
Why do people choose International Surrogacy?
There are several reasons for people to choose international surrogacy. It can be due to cost differences, availability of surrogates, legal considerations, etc.

Legal Accessibility: In some countries, surrogacy is restricted or prohibited. International surrogacy allows individuals or couples to access surrogacy services in countries where it is legal and regulated.

Cost Considerations: The costs of surrogacy can vary significantly from one country to another. Some individuals may choose international surrogacy in search of more affordable options.

Availability of Surrogates: Some countries may have a higher number of willing and qualified surrogate mothers, providing more options for intended parents.

Privacy and Anonymity: International surrogacy can offer a level of privacy and anonymity to both the intended parents and the surrogate, which may be appealing to those who prefer a more confidential process.
What are the legal considerations in international surrogacy?
Legal considerations vary from country to country. It is important to make sure that you are aware of laws and regulations in both countries, home country, and surrogate country.

Varied Legal Frameworks: Legal regulations regarding international surrogacy vary widely between countries. It is crucial for intended parents to understand and comply with the surrogacy laws of both their home country and the country where the surrogacy is taking place.

Parental Rights: Determining parental rights can be complex and may involve legal processes such as obtaining a court order or a legal recognition of parenthood.

Citizenship and Immigration: Issues related to the citizenship and immigration status of the child born through international surrogacy are critical aspects that require careful legal navigation.
Is International surrogacy open to everyone?
It depends on the country you are opting for surrogacy as laws and regulations vary. In most countries, international surrogacy is allowed based on the intended parent’s marital status or sexual orientation. Some countries may have specific eligibility criteria, including age restrictions, marital status, and medical requirements for intended parents.
Are there risks connected with International Surrogacy?
Yes, there are risks such as linguistic and cultural barriers, legal issues, and variations in healthcare standards. It is imperative that prospective parents do extensive research comprehend the associated risks and get expert agency assistance like Global Star Surrogacy.
Process of International Surrogacy?
Finding a reliable surrogacy agency, choosing a surrogate, undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) medical procedures, and navigating administrative and legal requirements in both the home country and the surrogate’s country are the usual steps in the process of international surrogacy. The international surrogacy involves 4 steps:

Consultation and Planning: Intended parents typically start by consulting with a fertility specialist and/or a surrogacy agency to understand the process, legal requirements, and costs.

Selection of a Surrogate: The next step involves selecting a surrogate mother, often facilitated by the surrogacy agency. Compatibility and legal considerations play a role in this process.

Medical Procedures: Once a surrogate is chosen, the IVF process begins. Eggs and sperm are collected, embryos are created in the laboratory, and then one or more embryos are transferred to the surrogate’s uterus.

Prenatal Care and Birth: Throughout the pregnancy, the surrogate receives prenatal care, and the intended parents may be involved in the process. Upon birth, legal processes are followed to establish parental rights.
Usually, the intended parents work directly with a surrogate in another nation or through a surrogacy agency. Variations in surrogacy laws, immigration policies, and citizenship regulations may present logistical and legal challenges. People who are thinking about doing international surrogacy must fully investigate and comprehend the ethical, legal, and cultural ramifications in both their home country and the nation where the surrogacy is being performed.


In conclusion, international surrogacy stands as a compelling option for intended parents seeking a pathway to parenthood. Choosing international surrogacy provides individuals and couples with access to legal frameworks, medical expertise, and a diverse pool of qualified surrogates. The journey may be vast, but the rewards are immeasurable, making international surrogacy a viable and fulfilling choice for those on the path to parenthood.
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