Understanding female infertility: What are the symptoms of infertility in women?

The incapacity of a woman to become pregnant or bring a pregnancy to term following a year of consistent, unprotected sexual activity is known as female infertility. For couples who are attempting to conceive, it can be a difficult and emotionally demanding journey. It is a complex issue with multiple potential causes. An exciting period full of potential can become a stressful time full of doubt when you’re having trouble getting pregnant. If you’re under 35 and haven’t conceived after a year of trying, if you’re over 35 and haven’t conceived after more than six months, if you’ve miscarried twice or more, or if you’ve tried other fertility treatments without success, you may be facing infertility.

This blog will specifically address understanding infertility in women [females] and investigating signs that may indicate problems with conception. Early detection of these symptoms is critical since it enables couples to get treatment on time. Let’s explore the complex domain of female infertility and clarify some of its signs.
What is female infertility?
Types of female infertility in females
What are infertility facts in females?
What are the causes of infertility in females?
What are the symptoms of infertility in women?
What are female Infertility treatments?

What is female infertility?

The inability of a female to conceive after frequent, unprotected sexual activity for a prolonged length of time—typically one year—defines infertility as a medical problem. This disorder may impact one or both partners and be caused by a number of things, such as problems with the female or male reproductive systems, or a combination of them. Infertility can have a variety of causes, including structural anomalies, hormonal imbalances, lifestyle choices, and underlying medical disorders. For infertile couples, medical assessment and intervention are typically required in order to determine the exact reason and investigate potential remedies.
It’s essential for couples who are having trouble getting pregnant to speak with a medical expert or a fertility specialist. Depending on the underlying causes of infertility, several medical therapies, lifestyle modifications, or assisted reproductive technologies (such as in vitro fertilization) may be suggested.

Types of infertility in females?

The two main categories of infertility in women are primary infertility and secondary infertility. These phrases are determined by a woman’s past reproductive experiences as well as her capacity to become pregnant and bring a child to term.

Primary infertility

Couples who are still not pregnant after at least a year of having sex without taking birth control are considered primarily infertile.

Causes: Several conditions, including ovulatory abnormalities, tubal problems, uterine problems, endometriosis, hormone imbalances, declines in fertility, and unknown reasons, can lead to primary infertility.

Diagnostic Considerations: After a year of unsuccessful attempts at conception, couples with primary infertility usually seek medical help. To determine the precise reason for infertility and choose the best course of action for treatment, diagnostic tests, and assessments are carried out.

Secondary infertility

Couples who have at least once successfully conceived but are currently unable to do so are said to have secondary infertility. Causes: Secondary infertility can have similar causes to primary infertility, such as changes in reproductive health, age-related decline in fertility, endometriosis, past pelvic surgeries, or medical conditions that have developed since the first child was born. Diagnostic Considerations: Despite having previously conceived successfully, couples with secondary infertility frequently seek medical attention after trying unsuccessfully to conceive for a considerable amount of time. Diagnostic testing is done to find any new causes of infertility and to choose the best course of action for therapy. It is significant that infertility, whether primary or secondary, can provide emotional difficulties for couples. In both situations, consulting a reproductive endocrinologist or fertility specialist is essential. To determine the precise causes of infertility, these specialists can perform thorough assessments that include medical histories, physical examinations, and reproductive tests. The medical team can then suggest the best course of action after the causes have been determined. Depending on the underlying problems, this may involve medication, lifestyle modifications, assisted reproductive technologies (ART), or surgical procedures.

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What are infertility facts in females?

  • Occurrence: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 8–12% of couples worldwide struggle with infertility. Men and women both contribute to infertility cases in almost equal amounts, proving that infertility is not just a feminine problem.

  • The length of time spent trying to conceive: After a year of consistent, unprotected sexual activity, couples are usually encouraged to seek medical attention if they are still unable to conceive. Age-related loss in fertility should prompt women over 35 to seek medical attention after six months of infertility-related failures.

  • Infertility and Age: After the age of 35, there is a noticeable decrease in female fertility, which starts in the late 20s. Conception becomes more difficult as women age because of a decline in both the quantity and quality of eggs they produce.

  • Factors related to lifestyle: Fertility can be impacted by lifestyle decisions like smoking, binge drinking, eating poorly, and being underweight or overweight. Reproductive health can be positively impacted by good lifestyle choices and stress management.

  • The success rate for treatment: The underlying cause, the patients’ ages, and the selected treatment plan are some of the variables that affect how well infertility treatments work.

    Although they have increased over time, ART success rates, including IVF, are not assured.
Knowing these female infertility facts and statistics is essential for singles and couples who are having trouble getting pregnant. A healthy lifestyle, seeking medical attention when needed, and getting emotional support can all help you deal with the challenges of infertility with greater success.

What are the causes of infertility in females?

  • Ovulatory Disorders: When the ovaries are unable to release eggs regularly, ovulation occurs irregularly or not at all. This group includes diseases like hypothalamus dysfunction, premature ovarian failure, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

  • Tubal infertility: The inability of the egg to pass from the ovaries to the uterus due to obstructions or damage to the fallopian tubes is known as tubal infertility. Tubal problems are frequently caused by pelvic operations and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

  • Uterine Disorders: Issues with the uterus that impact fertility are referred to as uterine variables. Uterine fibroids, polyps, and physiological abnormalities like a septate or bicornuate uterus are a few examples of these.

  • Infertility Caused by Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue resembling the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. It can result in adhesions, scarring, and inflammation, which can impair the reproductive organs’ ability to function normally and cause infertility.

  • Hormonal Imbalances: An irregular menstrual cycle and irregular ovulation can result from hormonal abnormalities. Thyroid issues, PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), and pituitary gland issues are among the conditions that might lead to hormonally-related infertility.

  • Cervical Factors: Problems with the cervix, like the secretion of an unpleasant mucus, could hinder sperm motility and lower the likelihood of fertilization success.
Understanding the specific cause of female infertility is essential to creating a successful treatment strategy. For a thorough assessment and direction, those who are having trouble getting pregnant should consult a medical expert or fertility specialist.

If you’re dealing with irregular periods and PCOS, here are some insights on how to get pregnant with irregular periods and PCOS?

What are the symptoms of infertility in women?

One of the most important steps on the parenting journey is learning about the signs and symptoms of female infertility:
    • Irregular Menstrual Cycles: An irregular menstrual cycle is one of the main signs of female infertility. Unusual bleeding, skipped periods, abnormally short or long cycles, or other anomalies may be signs of underlying problems impacting ovulation.
    • Painful Menstruation: Severe cramping and pelvic pain during menstruation may indicate endometriosis or other painful illnesses. This disorder affects fertility when tissue that resembles the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus, impacting fertility.
    • Hormonal imbalances: The sensitive reproductive system may be hampered by imbalances in hormone levels. Changes in libido, unexpected weight gain or loss, acne, and irregular hair growth are some symptoms. Ovulation irregularities caused by PCOS, a common hormonal disease, frequently result in infertility.
    • Age-related Factors: Fertility naturally decreases with age in women. It can be more difficult to conceive in women over 35 because of a potential decline in the quantity and quality of their eggs. Women in this age range must seek medical attention as soon as possible if they experience problems becoming pregnant.
    • Chronic Health Conditions: Infertility can be increased by several chronic health conditions, including diabetes, thyroid issues, and autoimmune diseases. Effectively managing these disorders is essential to preserving reproductive health.
    • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): PID is a sexually transmitted infection that mostly affects the female reproductive system. The fallopian tubes may become damaged and scarred as a result of PID, making it more difficult for the egg to pass through to the uterus.
  • Underlying Structural Problems: Deficiencies in the structure of the reproductive organs, like uterine fibroids or uterine morphology, might make it difficult to conceive. To address these problems, surgery or other medical interventions can be necessary.

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What are Infertility treatments?

nfertility therapies aim to assist individuals or couples in becoming pregnant by addressing the underlying reasons for infertility. Lifestyle changes are frequently advised by medical professionals before more invasive treatments. These could be eating a balanced diet, stopping smoking, consuming less alcohol, controlling stress, and keeping a healthy weight. The various causes of infertility determine which course of treatment is best. Here are a few typical infertility treatments:
  • Medications: Frequently, doctors will prescribe fertility drugs to control ovulation, encourage the formation of numerous eggs, or improve the quality of eggs. Typical drugs consist of:
    a. Ciprofene citrate: Promotes the ovulation process.
    b. Hormonal injections that stimulate the ovaries are known as gonadotropins.
    c. Metformin: Used to treat PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome.

  • Interstitial Cyst Insemination (IUI): IUI increases the likelihood that sperm will reach the egg by injecting it straight into the uterus during the woman’s reproductive window. When there are problems with sperm motility or cervical factors, it is frequently employed.

  • IVF, or in vitro fertilization: IVF is a more advanced form of assisted reproduction (ART), in which eggs are taken out of the ovaries, fertilized in a lab dish with sperm, and the resulting embryos are inserted into the uterus. IVF is used to treat a variety of infertility conditions, such as endometriosis, tubal problems, and infertility that is not explained.

  • Surrogacy: An embryo is implanted into the uterus of a surrogate mother who bears the child to term through surrogacy. When a woman can’t carry a baby because of uterine problems or other medical conditions, this alternative is taken into consideration. A gestational carrier carries an embryo that is not biologically connected to her, similar to surrogacy. Usually, the intended parents’ or donors’ eggs and sperm are used to generate the embryo.

  • PGT, or pre-implantation genetic testing: Before implantation, PGT is performed in IVF to check for genetic abnormalities in the embryos. This can increase the likelihood of a successful pregnancy by helping in the identification of viable embryos.
It’s important to remember that each person’s circumstances determine their best plan of action, and not every option will be appropriate for everyone. It is essential to speak with a fertility expert to decide on the best plan of action after carefully assessing the underlying causes of infertility. Counseling and emotional support are also frequently essential parts of the infertility treatment process. Global Star Surrogacy is here to help you in your infertility related issues.


In conclusion, a large percentage of couples worldwide are impacted by the complicated and emotionally taxing disorder known as female infertility. Age, lifestyle, hormone balance, and other reproductive system-related factors can all have an impact on an individual’s capacity to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term. Creating focused and successful treatment plans requires an understanding of the unique reasons for female infertility.

In the end, individuals and couples should approach the process of becoming fertile with patience, courage, and a cooperative mentality. The path to parenthood may not be without its obstacles, but many couples can overcome female infertility and fulfill their aspirations of becoming parents with the correct guidance and assistance.
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